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Physical Landscapes in the UK

The UK’s relief covers a range of diverse landscapes

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The UK is an incredibly diverse place for natural landscapes given its small size.  We have over 12,000km of coastline, magnificent mountain ranges and some great rivers.  Our land has been shaped by volcanoes, the wind, ice sheets and glaciers, the vast seas and oceans that surround the UK and the work of rivers over millions of years.

As can be seen on the map below the bulk of our upland areas above 250m are found in the North and West of the UK in areas of old volcanic and metamorphic rocks.   Lowlands are found along coastal fringes and further south, in areas of more sedimentary geology. The areas of lowlands and uplands are generally separated by the Tees-Exe line, a line you could draw from the River Tees in North East England to the River Exe in the South West.

UK map

NEXT TOPIC - Rivers River Valleys    Coasts    Waves types and characteristics  Glaciers  Glacial Processes



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