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Contemporary Urban Environments

 

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3.2.3.1     Urbanisation
Urbanisation and its importance in human affairs.
Global patterns of urbanisation since 1945.
Urbanisation, suburbanisation, counter-urbanisation, urban resurgence.
The emergence of megacities and world cities
Economic, social, technological, political and demographic processes associated with urbanisation and urban growth.
Urban change: deindustrialisation, decentralisation, rise of service economy.
Urban policy and regeneration in Britain since 1979.


3.2.3.2     Urban forms
Contemporary characteristics of mega/world cities.
Urban characteristics in contrasting settings.
Physical and human factors in urban forms.
Spatial patterns of land use, economic inequality, social segregation and cultural diversity
New urban landscapes:

3.2.3.3     Social and economic issues associated with urbanisation
Issues associated with economic inequality, social segregation and cultural diversity in contrasting urban areas.
Strategies to manage these issues.


3.2.3.4     Urban climate
The impact of urban forms and processes on local climate and weather.
Air quality: particulate and photo-chemical pollution.
Pollution reduction policies.


3.2.3.5     Urban drainage
Water in Urban areas including hydrographs.
Issues associated with catchment management in urban areas.
The development of sustainable urban drainage systems (SUDS).
River restoration and conservation in damaged urban catchments

3.2.3.6     Urban waste and its disposal
Urban physical waste generation
Relation of waste components and waste streams to economic characteristics, lifestyles and attitudes.
The environmental impacts of alternative approaches to waste disposal
Comparison of incineration and landfill approaches to waste disposal in relation to a specified urban area.

3.2.3.7     Other contemporary urban environmental issues
Environmental problems in contrasting urban areas: atmospheric pollution, water pollution and dereliction.
Strategies to manage these environmental problems.

3.2.3.8     Sustainable urban development
Impact of urban areas on local and global environments & Ecological footprint of major urban areas.
Dimensions of sustainability
Nature and features of sustainable cities & Concept of liveability.
Contemporary opportunities and challenges in developing more sustainable cities.
Strategies for developing more sustainable cities.


3.2.3.9     Case studies
Mumbai
London
Newcastle upon Tyne

Urbanisation

Patterns in Urbanisation

Urbanisation and suburbanisation

Counter urbanisation and urban resurgence

Megacities and world cities

Deindustrialisation, decentrailsation & the rise of the service economy

Urban policy & regeneration UK

Urban forms

Spatial patterns

New urban landscapes

Social and economic Issues with urbanisation 

Urban Climate

Urban Climates

Air quality and pollution reduction policies

Urban Drainage

Water in urban areas

Catchment management and SUDS

River Restoration and Cheonggyecheon

Urban Waste

Urban Waste

Approaches to waste disposal

Comparison of incineration and landfill

Sustainable urban development

Impact of urban areas

Sustainable cities

Opportunities, challenges and developing more sustainable cities

Case studies

Mumbai

London

Newcastle Upon Tyne

Grainger Town

Ouseburn Valley

 

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