Economic development and consumption,
Many countries across the world are developing rapidly. In the Newly Emerging Economies (NEEs) such as China or India are becoming wealthier and so are the people that live there. This is allowing a change in the demands for energy for the people who live in those countries. These people will be able to buy more consumer goods that use energy, in particular things like cars, electrical items like Fridges and washing machines and use of more modern technologies like smart phones. This means that people in NEEs need more energy produced to meet the needs of their new lifestyles. Even in poorer countries technology is increasing energy demands, even in more remote and undeveloped parts of the world. Technology could also however, help us to provide more energy and lower technology costs. Developments in sustainable, renewable energies and battery technology could lead to a revolution in access to energy and the benefits it can bring to people’s lives.
One of the main reasons for the increase in the amount of energy we consume is the rise in global population. As global population and rates of energy consumption increase there is a need to increase water, food and energy supplies, but to do so in a sustainable manner to meet the needs of all people. The world population crossed 7 billion in 2011, this puts increasing pressure upon resources. In addition, the rates of population growth are not the same around the world. In Africa for instance, population is growing at 2.6% a year, this makes it very difficult to provide a secure energy supply for everyone.
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