Extreme weather - This is when a weather event is significantly different from the average or usual weather pattern, and is especially severe or unseasonal. This may take place over one day or a period of time.
Immediate responses - The reaction of people as the disaster happens and in the immediate aftermath.
Long term responses - Later reactions that occur in the weeks, months and years after the event.
1. A man died in London after being pulled from a frozen lake, whilst there were 3 other reported deaths
2. Huge amounts of snow where dropped on the East coast of the UK and in the Scottish Borders
3. Up to 50cm (19 inches) of snow in parts of Dartmoor, Exmoor and uplands parts of south-east Wales accompanied by gales or severe gales in exposed areas.
4. Gusts of 60-70mph in parts of northern England and Wales.
5. Rural areas experienced temperature lows of -12°C
6. Snow drifts were as high as 7m in places
7. Many coastlines were also issued with flood warnings
1. British Airways cancelled hundreds of short-haul flights from Heathrow, and London City Airport also cancelled many services.
2. Hospitals in Glasgow, Grimsby, Scunthorpe and Goole cancelled all outpatient appointments while Harrogate hospital asked staff who can walk to work to go in to cover shifts
3. Thousands of schools were closed
4. Scottish Premiership postponed its games
5. Police in Macclesfield said they arrested two suspected thieves after tracking their footprints through the snow
6. Hundreds of people were trapped in their vehicles for hours, on the A31 for example
7. There were many lorries that crashed or jack knifed
8. The weather cost the UK millions. The AA estimated that there were 8,260 collisions on Britain’s roads from the snow chaos in just three days, with the insurance cost above £10m. Two thirds of them due to snow and ice.
9. Some supermarkets saw a rush of customers. There were reports of shelves being stripped of bread, milk and soup.
10. A baby was born on the A66 near Stockton-on-Tees after the parents failed to make it hospital as a result of the snow
11. There were multiple accidents on Britain's roads, including major incidents on the A1 in Northumberland
12. Major shopping centres and businesses closed early.
13. There were worries the UK could run out of Gas
• Stranded drivers were given foil blankets
• The Army were called in to help people when Storm Emma hit
Councils ahd to wend out gritters and snow ploughs to clear the roads
Drivers of a Greggs Devlivery van, stuck on the A1 near Newcastle, gave out free food to stranded drivers
• The Met Office issued "red Warnings" for several areas, including the belt between Edinburgh and Glasgow, and
• Public Health England (PHE) urged people to plan ahead to ensure they have enough food and medicine.
• Rail passengers were warned to avoid travelling to or from Scotland on Thursday while in Kent 50 stations closed.
• Cleveland Mountain Rescue took district nurses around rural elderly patients in East Cleveland and North Yorkshire Moors. They also ran NHS staff into James Cook at Middlesborough to keep services running
• Army and Royal Air Force personnel were called in to ferry health workers through blocked roads in Lincolnshire and in Scotland. Ten RAF 4x4 vehicles with 20 airmen began transporting health staff from dawn in Lincolnshire after an urgent request from local police.
NEXT TOPIC -Evidence for Climate Change